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Caring for Bonsai from China and Japan


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Every home should have a bonsai plant or two, but how do you care for these mysterious plants from Asia?
Bonsai plants cultivated in Japan or China require special care and treatment to grow effectively. Bonsai plants form miniature trees and shrubs. As these plants age, with care and direction, they become valuable and graceful.

If you are not yet be ready to start you own bonsai from scratch, that should not stop you from purchasing a bonsai tree. These plants exude an elegant beauty that alone can enhance any room. And they will provide years of calmness to your life as you direct the growth of your plant. So it is important that you understand how these plants are cared for.

The bonsai trees or shrubs from Japan and China require water, fertilization, sunlight, mist, etc. To help you learn a few steps in caring for your bonsai let's start with watering your plant.

How to water bonsai:  The soil for Bonsai trees is designed to drain quickly. Why? Because roots are routinely trimmed, they do not tolerate water as well as your common houseplants. Additionally, bonsai typically require less soil than common houseplants. Because the trees drain quickly, bonsai require more frequent watering. But the exact amount of water you pour in and how often will be infuenced by the soil, light, location, and weather condition, and average temperature the plant is dealing with.

A key to determining how you water is to focus on the foliage. If the tree feels light after testing the moisture content of the soil, the tree will need water. You can purchase a water meters to test soil moisture to help maintain your bonsai plant.

Bonsai like all houseplants require fertilizer. Again, since bonsai have less soil to draw nutrients from, you will need to fertilize the plant often. During the spring you can lightly fertilize your bonsai, however during the fall season you will want to increase this feeding. What kind of fertilizer should you use for the healthiest growth of your bonsai? Look for fertilizers that contain potash, nitrogen, chelated iron, and phosphoric acids. The use of Superthrive Vitamins and Hormones - 4 oz., a vitamin and plant hormone tonic/supplement is highly recomended as well. Before you add any fertilizer, be sure that you water your bonsai first.
Japanese Kingsville Boxwood Bonsai Tree  (buxus microphylla compacta)

Japanese Kingsville Boxwood Bonsai Tree (buxus microphylla compacta)

Native to Japan the Kingsville Boxwood is an extremely slow growing tree. It has the smallest leaf of all Boxwoods which is why it is sought after for bonsai. The Kingsville Boxwood is an evergreen tree with light green leaves and has excellent branching characteristics. A great indoor bonsai tree recommended by the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens.




Most Bonsai trees require direct sunlight. The sunlight should come from south, west, and east for the best results. During winter months, you can use indoor growing light, but bonsai grow best with natural light. Misting your bonsai tree is a good idea as well. Japanese and Chinese bonsai trees can handle humidity beyond what we can stand indoors. You can purchase a tray, and add water at the bottom, set your bonsai pot into the tray. Doing this will raise the humidity around the plant. Be sure to add a layer of gravel at the bottom of the tray so that the pot isn't sitting directly in the water. This will help prevent root rot.

How to trim your bonsai:  Trimming and pruning bonsai is your way of shaping and creating unique forms. This is one area where your artistic temperament comes into play. There is a symmetry in this work as you want the amount of growth of the root system to be consistent or match the growth above ground. Form and shape the bonsai to your liking, matching it to your personality and surroundings. You will need sharp shears or scissors to trim your tree. Light branches and foliage is best removed with shears designed to handle bonsai pruning and trimming. Concave cutters are ideal if you have heavier shrub growth. In fact, if all you have are the cutters that will be adequate for most of the trimming you will perform on your bonsai trees.

Bonsai trees need to be watched over. To keep you bonsai tree healthy, reduce insect infestations from and prevent illness provide plenty of sunlight and ventilation. Clean your plant often, dusting the leaves. And remove any debris in the soil, such as fallen leaves.

Chosing a bonsai soil:  The Bonsai soil you use to plant your bonsai in depends upon the species of tree or plant you are working with. There is specialized soil for conifers ( Bonsai Conifer Soil Mix - 2 lbs. ) as well a tropical and subtropical species ( Tropical/Subtropical Mix Bonsai Soil 10 lbs. ). And there are other specialized soil mixtures ( Professional Bonsai Soil - 2 lbs. (1 Qt.)).

When adding soil to a planted bonsai, be sure to shield the drainage openings. At some point you will need to repot your bonsai tree. Even though these are dwarf trees, they will get bigger and outgrow their currant containers. Therefore, you will be purchasing new pots as needed. When you see that the tree is becoming larger than the pot, it is time to transfer it to a larger container. Give your bonsai room to grow over the many years that it will be a part of your life.


News About Japanese Bonsai Trees


York Daily Record/Sunday News

Master gardening: Bonding with bonsai
York Daily Record/Sunday News
Bonsai has become synonymous with Japan and many people new to bonsai believe that the plants must look like the ones illustrated in books or featured in movies like "The Karate Kid." The belief exists that bonsai are specialized plants and only these ...



Leafly

Growing Cannabis Bonsai Trees: Separating Fact From Fiction
Leafly
The key to bonsai is the word “miniature.” Unlike other potted plants, the joy of bonsai lies in creating a little landscape meant to be a replica of the natural world. Bonsai has a long, rich history that stems from regions in China and Japan and may ...



Hoodline

Lake Merritt's Bonsai Garden Under Renovation
Hoodline
Another prominent bonsai is a Japanese Black Pine that arrived in the United States with the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exhibition in San Francisco. "The Japanese at that time said it was over 300 years old. So we say it's over 400 years old now," said Gould.



SFGate

Outdoor adventure beckons in Oakland
SFGate
In addition to the bonsai garden, the park's Japanese Garden, designed by Hisaichi Tsugawa has been a favorite of visitors since its inception in 1960. Visitors step through a traditional Japanese gate and are greeted by a flowers, plants and the ...



Peninsula Daily News

Dungeness Bonsai Society hosts its 41st annual show this weekend in Sequim
Peninsula Daily News
Cummins said in other countries, such as in Japan, bonsai trees are handed down from generation to generation. Quigley said being busy with a young family and a career kept him out of the bonsai world, but he revisited it in the mid-1980s and finds ...



The Rafu Shimpo

Bonsai Demonstration at Nakaoka Center
The Rafu Shimpo
GARDENA — Dai Ichi Bonsai Kai announces a bonsai demonstration with Tak Shimazu, bonsai enthusiast and master, on Friday, June 16, at 7 p.m. at the Ken Nakaoka Community Center, 1670 W. 162nd St. in Gardena. Shimazu immigrated from Japan in ...



http://www.hellomonaco.com/feed/ (registration)

Bonsai Expo 2017: in Harmony with Nature
http://www.hellomonaco.com/feed/ (registration)
One that has been consistently admired but rarely understood, a true piece of Asian aesthetic culture that's nearly 2000 years old, first spotted in Chinese dynasties before the Japanese took over the art of bonsai and developed it into the hobby we ...



The New Indian Express

Speak Japanese? head to city's first
The New Indian Express
We associate the art of Bonsai tree to Japan but there is talk that the art originated in India. “About 3,500 years ago, when India was in the Vedic age, a man went to the Himalayas for exotic herb. For the convenience of carrying the herb and ...



Photographer Thoma receives Japanese Order of Rising Sun ...
Prague Daily Monitor
Prague, June 15 (CTK) - Czech photographer and author Zdenek Thoma received the Order of the Rising Sun for long-time promotion of Japanese culture from ...

and more »


The Guardian

Fearless review – Helen McCrory shines in a fabulously classy thriller
The Guardian
The rest of the programme explored various formative myths, Zen gardens, bonsai art, Japan's reverence for the cherry blossom and its painfully fleeting beauty, the effect of modernisation on the country's traditional harmony with nature, along with so ...

and more »

Google News